A Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is a partnership between various local, state, and federal agencies, and private organizations that are charged with taking action against terrorism, which includes the investigation of crimes such as wire fraud and identity theft. The agencies that a JTTF comprises generally include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other federal agencies (the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its notable components such as the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and the U.S. Secret Service (USSS), the U.S. Armed Forces, and the Department of State (DOS)'s Diplomatic Security Service (DSS)), state and local law enforcement agencies, and specialized agencies, such as railroad police.
JTTFs engage in surveillance, electronic monitoring, source development and interviews in their pursuits. FBI task forces obtain written memoranda of understanding (MOUs) between participating law enforcement agencies. The FBI provides funds to pay for participating agencies' expenses, such as officer overtime, vehicles, fuel, cell phones, and related office costs.
The Australian Federal Police's Joint Counter Terrorism Teams, Canada's Integrated National Security Enforcement Teams, and the United Kingdom's National Counter Terrorism Policing Network can be seen as analogous to the Joint Terrorism Task Force model.
The many regional JTTFs coordinate their efforts through the interagency National Joint Terrorism Task Force. NJTTF is headquartered in Washington, D.C., and is composed of representatives from 35 federal agencies. The FBI's involvement with the JTTF falls under the Operational Support Branch of the FBI Counterterrorism Division.
The first JTTF was established in 1980 in New York City, with ten FBI special agents and ten New York City Police Department (NYPD) detectives. Prior to the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States had 35 JTTFs. Shortly after the attacks, FBI Director Robert Mueller instructed all FBI field offices to establish formal terrorism task forces. There are now 100 Joint Terrorism Task Forces nationwide, including at least one at each of the FBI Field Offices, except in Portland, Oregon.
The JTTF assisted in the investigation of the plot on Fort Dix. However critics such as David Cole, a law professor at Georgetown University questioned the use of paid informants enabling aspiring terrorists. "It makes sense in general—but when you're pressing people to undertake conduct they would have never undertaken without an informant pushing them along, there is a real question if you're creating crime, not preventing crime." 
In the 2009 Little Rock recruiting office shooting, suspect Abdulhakim Mujahid Muhammad was warned while he was in a Yemen jail by the FBI that he would be monitored by the U.S. government, and he was investigated by the JTTF upon his return to the United States after he was deported by the Yemen government. Months after his return, he was arrested for shooting Army soldiers at a recruiting office, killing one, telling authorities after his arrest that his motive was that he was a Muslim angry about the killing of Muslims by American troops in Afghanistan and Iraq. He has since changed his plea to guilty of participating in a jihadi attack on behalf of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
On October 2009, Tarek Mehanna was charged in a complaint with conspiracy to provide material support to terrorists. the complaint affidavit alleges that Mehanna and coconspirators discussed their desire to participate in violent jihad against American interests and that they would talk about fighting jihad and their desire to die on the battlefield. The case was investigated by the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) members: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the Massachusetts State Police, and the Lowell Police Department, in addition to other members.
In the Fort Hood shooting, suspect Nidal Malik Hasan was first brought to the attention of the FBI by internet postings which justified suicide bombings as military operations, but they were not judged to be a threat. Then in December 2008, the National Security Agency intercepted communications from an Army officer with a suspected terrorist, Anwar al-Awlaki. After examination by a JTTF, the e-mails which asked if Islam permitted the killing of soldiers who were to be sent to combat against Muslims, and how to send money to support Awlaki's causes could be sent without reporting to the government were judged to be consistent with research he had presented in a presentation which had warned of "adverse events" if Muslims were forced to fight other Muslims.
The FBI was also notified of large amounts of money that Hasan had wired to charities in Pakistan, but the FBI determined that the money "went to people not related to terrorism," On November 9, 2009, the FBI said that investigators believed Hasan had apparently acted alone. They disclosed that they had reviewed evidence which included the 2008 e-mail conversations but said they did not find any evidence that Hasan had direct help or outside orders in the shootings. According to a November 11 press release, after preliminary examination of Hasan's computers and internet activity, they had found no information to indicate he had any co-conspirators or was part of a broader terrorist plot "at this point". Although this was what they stressed were the "early stages" of the review, no contrary conclusions had been reached even after reports that the US government believed that Awlaki had been the target of airstrikes in Yemen, and that on December 26, 2009, investigators said that the suspect of the Northwest Airlines Flight 253 bombing admitted that he had attended camps in Yemen where al-Qaeda members including Anwar al-Awlaki had instructed him, blessed the attack, and provided the bomb.
On the morning of September 24, 2010, several homes of people active in campaigns against U.S. military intervention and Palestine and Columbia Solidarity were raided by FBI agents part of JTTFs. Four houses in Minneapolis were raided (including people involved with the 2008 Republican National Convention protests in Saint Paul), along with houses in Michigan, North Carolina, and Chicago. The search warrants focused on obtaining information from computers and other sources of alleged "facilitation of other individuals in the United States to travel to Colombia, Palestine and any other foreign location in support of foreign terrorist organizations including but not limited to FARC, PFLP and Hezbollah." No arrests were made, but agents subpoenaed activists to testify before a grand jury in Chicago in October, with reference to "material aid to terrorist organizations." 
According to the ACLU, documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act indicate that officers from the Colorado JTTF collected personal information on what the FBI termed "criminal extremists" but that the ACLU maintained were "peaceful protesters who have no connection to terrorism or any other criminal activity." 
A detective with the Fresno County Sheriff's Department and member of the JTTF, attended public meetings of Peace Fresno in 2003. The Sheriff's Department issued the following statement, "For the purpose of detecting or preventing terrorist activities, the Fresno County Sheriff’s Department may visit any place and attend any event that is open to the public, on the same terms and conditions as members of the public generally."
On April 28, 2005, Portland became the only city in the nation to withdraw from a JTTF.  As of February 19, 2015, the Portland city council approved permanently staffing the JTTF with two of its city's police officers.
In June 2008, according to City Pages the JTTF based in Minneapolis approached a source to infiltrate vegan potlucks and eventually report back to authorities on organized protesting activities in preparation for the 2008 Republican National Convention in nearby Saint Paul.
In the wake of the FBI's consistent performance in handling red flags of possible terrorist threats after the 2009 Fort Hood shooting case, Clarice Feldman of American Thinker asked "Aside from racing to the scene of the massacre and declaring that this was not an act of terrorism, what is the FBI's role in counter-intelligence? Isn't it time we stripped them of a task they regularly perform so poorly?" The New York Post headline stated "FBI blew off killer e-mail to al Qaeda Officials admit shrugging off gunman's e-mails to Qaeda". The article wrote "The clueless G-men said that at the time, they simply chalked up the chilling e-mails between Hasan and a radical imam and other terror-tied Islamic figures to his 'research' as an Army shrink... red-faced agency vowed to get to the bottom of things itself."
A Joint Terrorism Task Force ( JTTF ) is a partnership between various local, state, and federal agencies, and private organizations that are charged with taking action against terrorism , which includes the investigation of crimes such as wire fraud and identity theft . The agencies that a JTTF comprises generally include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other federal agencies (the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its notable components such as the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and the U.S. Secret Service (USSS), the U.S. Armed Forces , and the Department of State (DOS)'s Diplomatic Security Service (DSS)), state and local law enforcement agencies , and specialized agencies, such as railroad police . JTTFs engage in surveillance, electronic monitoring, source development and interviews in their pursuits. FBI task forces obtain written memoranda of unders
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Joint Task Force Alaska ( JTF-AK ), headquartered at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson , Alaska , is a multi-service command composed of approximately 80 Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Coast Guardsmen and Department of Defense civilian specialists. The task force is a homeland defense component of U.S. Northern Command that coordinates the land defense of Alaska and coordinates military assistance to civil authorities. The JFK-AK's goals are stated to, "detect, deter, prevent and defeat terrorist threats within the Alaska JOA. The task force also states that is conducts civil support as directed. JTF-AK plans and integrates the full spectrum of DoD support to homeland defense and civil support to lead federal agencies, such as the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) . Prevention, crisis response and consequence management are capabilities included within the spectrum of support. In coordination with other federal, state and local agencies, JTF-AK constantly evaluates events and locations throughout the state
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Joint Task Force (JTF) Gold was the Australian Defence Force unit formed to provide security and general support for the 2000 Summer Olympics which was held in Sydney, Australia . JTF Gold had a strength of over 4000 personnel drawn from all three services and was commanded by Brigadier Gary Byles . The JTF consisted of several unit sized elements, each responsible for specific security or general support. Notes The counter-terrorism aspect of JTF Gold was referred to as JTF 643, and was handled (in part) by the Special Air Service Regiment . The work of JTF Gold was referred to as Operation Gold - not to be confused with the US/UK Cold War intelligence gathering Operation Gold . References Joint Task Force Gold , Specialoperations.com Joint Task Force (JTF) Gold was the Australian Defence Force unit formed to provide security and general support for the 2000 Summer Olympics which was held in Sydney, Australia . JTF Gold had a strength of over 4000 personnel drawn from all three services and was commanded by
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Combined Joint Task Force Paladin (‘’’CJTF Paladin’’’) was the International Security Assistance Force command responsible for Counter-IED efforts and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) during the War in Afghanistan (2001–present) . With military and civilian personnel spread across the entire country, CJTF Paladin provided EOD Technicians, Counter-IED trainers, intelligence personnel, and forensics labs to the ISAF Regional Commands. CJTF Paladin was established in 2005 to focus Counter-IED efforts due to the rising trend of improvised explosive devices during the conflict. During the draw down of troops and the end of the combat mission for NATO forces, CJTF Paladin was deactivated in December 2013, passing responsibility for all Counter-IED tasks to the 242nd Ordnance Battalion (EOD) , a significantly smaller unit. Its counterpart in the Iraq War was Task Force Troy. See also Participants in Operation Enduring Freedom Bomb disposal Improvised explosive device Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organi
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Coast Guard on counterterrorism patrol in Upper New York Bay . Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in distance spanning The Narrows between Brooklyn (left) and Staten Island (right). Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism ) incorporates the practice, military tactics , techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism. Counter-terrorism strategies include attempts to counter financing of terrorism. If terrorism is part of a broader insurgency , counter-terrorism may employ counter-insurgency measures. The United States Armed Forces use the term foreign internal defense for programs that support other countries in attempts to suppress insurgency, lawlessness, or subversion or to reduce the conditions under which these threats to security may develop. History Special Branch detectives on an undercover operation at the London Docks , 1911. In response to the escalating terror campaign in Britain carried out by the militant I
The Criminal Investigation Task Force ( CITF ) is an organization created in early 2002 by the United States Department of Defense to conduct investigations of detainees captured in the War on Terrorism . It was envisioned that certain captured individuals would be tried by a military tribunal for war crimes and/or acts of terrorism . CITF was initially activated in February 2002 under a mandate from the Secretary of Defense addressed to the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary of the Army formally tasked the US Army Criminal Investigation Command (CID), and CID activated the Criminal Investigation Task Force solely for the purpose of conducting criminal investigations against suspected terrorists detained by US forces. Under the Secretary of Defense directive, the Army was directed to maximize the capabilities of all the Services, and therefore coordinated with the US Air Force and US Navy to assist. The CITF included members from four of five of the branches of the U.S. armed forces ; Army Criminal Investig
Iraqi Special Operations Forces ( ISOF ) ( Arabic : قوات العمليات الخاصة العراقية ), commonly known as the Golden Division , are Iraqi special forces unit created by coalition forces after the 2003 invasion . The forces, directed by the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service, consist of the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command, which has three brigades subordinate to it. The Counter Terrorism Service (Jihaz Mukafahat al-Irhab, originally translated as Counter Terrorism Bureau) is funded by the Iraq Ministry of Defence . History Special operations troops in the old Iraqi army were first established when Colonel Khaleel Jassim Al-Dabbagh built the first royal special units in the name of "Queen Alia Forces" in the mid 1950s. It consisted of Sunni, Shia Arabs and other components of Iraqi population. They were mainly used on an emergency basis to carry out special missions inside of Iraq and outside when the country was in war. After the Invasion in 2003, Iraqi forces were made redundant by the Invasion forces and becaus
SOUTHCOM Area Of Responsibility The United States Southern Command ( USSOUTHCOM ), located in Doral , Florida in Greater Miami , is one of nine Unified Combatant Commands (CCMDs) in the United States Department of Defense . It is responsible for providing contingency planning, operations, and security cooperation for Central and South America , the Caribbean (except US commonwealths, territories, and possessions), their territorial waters, and for the force protection of US military resources at these locations. USSOUTHCOM is also responsible for ensuring the defense of the Panama Canal and the canal area. Under the leadership of a four-star Commander, USSOUTHCOM is organized into a headquarters with six main directorates, component commands and military groups that represent SOUTHCOM in the region. The current commander is Admiral Kurt W. Tidd , USN . USSOUTHCOM is a joint command of more than 1,201 military and civilian personnel representing the United States Army , Navy , Air Force , Marine Corps , Coast
United States Army Africa (USARAF) , also known as the Southern European Task Force (SETAF) , is the United States Army service component command of United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM or AFRICOM). USARAF's headquarters are located on Caserma Ederle and Caserma Del Din, Vicenza , Italy. The current commanding officer|commanding general of USARAF is Major General (United States) Major General (MG) Joseph P. Harrington. SETAF, now known as USARAF/SETAF has been stationed in Italy since 1955 and has a long history of operating on the African continent and partnering with African nations. During the past 15 years, SETAF has provided crisis response, disaster relief and humanitarian assistance on the continent. On December 3, 2008 in Rome, Italy, an official announcement by the U.S. and Italian governments stated that SETAF would become USARAF, and one week later on December 9, 2008 USARAF was established as the Army Service Component Command of AFRICOM. According to the Army Times, this marked the end of the
Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force – North (CJSOTF–N), also known as Task Force Viking, was the U.S. joint task force responsible for the northern front during the initial period of the 2003 invasion of Iraq (OIF Rotation I). It secured Kirkuk , Mosul , and the northern oil fields ; prevented 13 Iraqi Army divisions from defending Baghdad or reinforcing defensive operations against American and British troops advancing in the south, and thwarted Turkish efforts to subvert Kurdistan . Task Force Viking conducted artillery observer , direct action , special reconnaissance , and unconventional warfare missions in order to disrupt and fix Iraqi forces arrayed along the "Green Line", the nominal 1991 demarcation line between the Kurdish northern provinces of Iraq and the remainder controlled by Saddam Hussein . CJSOTF–N was composed of the U.S. Army 's Special Forces units, 173rd Airborne Brigade , 10th Mountain Division , A Company, 9th PSYOP Battalion , elements and the 96th and 404th Civil Affairs Bat
Task Force Kandahar (TFK) was the formation conducting the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Kandahar Province under ISAF Regional Command South . When it concluded its mission in summer 2011, the formation included a Canadian Forces battle group , three U.S. Army battalions (two of infantry and one of military police), an engineer regiment, a signal squadron, Operational Mentor and Liaison Teams (OMLTs), and contributions to Operational Mentor and Advisory Teams (OMATs) and the Police Operational Mentor and Liaison Team (P-OMLT). Origin Move from Kabul On 29 November 2005, the Canadian base Camp Julien in southwest Kabul officially closed. Canadian Forces (CF) components that were in Kabul under Operation Athena were relocated to Kandahar as part of the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism known as Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). The Canadian component was initially designated Operation Archer . The Canadian Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) had already been at Camp Nathan Smith i
U.S. Joint Special Operations Command The Joint Special Operations Command ( JSOC ) is a component command of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) and is charged to study special operations requirements and techniques to ensure interoperability and equipment standardization; plan and conduct special operations exercises and training; develop joint special operations tactics; and execute special operations missions worldwide. It was established in 1980 on recommendation of Colonel Charlie Beckwith , in the aftermath of the failure of Operation Eagle Claw . It is located at Pope Field ( Fort Bragg, North Carolina ). Overview The JSOC is the "joint headquarters designed to study special operations requirements and techniques; ensure interoperability and equipment standardization; plan and conduct joint special operations exercises and training; and develop joint special operations tactics". For this task, the Joint Communications Unit is tasked to ensure compatibility of communications system
The Special Task Force "Omega" ( Georgian : განსაკუთრებული დანიშნულების ქვედანაყოფი "ომეგა" ) was a Georgian élite Special Forces unit, one of the first such formations in the country, created in 1993. History The Omega unit was formed 1993 under the supervision of Georgia's Information-Analytical and Reconnaissance Bureau, a successor to the Georgian branch of the former Soviet KGB (Committee for State Security), chaired by Irakli Batiashvili . The unit was specialized primarily in counter-terrorism and covert operations, also oriented to counter organized crime and illicit trade. Its operatives cooperated with United States and British Special Forces which also provide the group's special armaments. The Omega force was subordinated to the Georgian Ministry of State Security and was responsible for numerous successful special operations. After the major reshuffle in Georgia's military leadership following the Georgian civil war and the government’s temporary reorientation to Russia , the Omega group fell in
The 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta ( 1st SFOD-D ), commonly referred to as Delta Force , Combat Applications Group ( CAG ), "The Unit" , Army Compartmented Element ( ACE ), or within JSOC as Task Force Green , is an elite special mission unit of the United States Army , under operational control of the Joint Special Operations Command . The unit is tasked with specialized missions primarily involving hostage rescue and counterterrorism , as well as direct action and special reconnaissance against high-value targets . Delta Force and its maritime counterpart, the U.S. Navy 's SEAL Team Six (also known as DEVGRU), are the U.S. military's primary counterterrorism units. Delta Force and DEVGRU perform the most highly complex, classified, and dangerous missions in the U.S. military, as directed by the U.S. National Command Authority . Most Delta Force operators come from the United States Army Special Operations Command 's elite 75th Ranger Regiment and Special Forces Groups , as well as from oth
Stephen J. Townsend is a United States Army officer who currently commands Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve and the XVIII Airborne Corps . Townsend served with the 82nd Airborne Division , the 7th Infantry Division , the 75th Ranger Regiment , the 78th Infantry Division , and the 10th Mountain Division . He fought in Operation Urgent Fury , Operation Just Cause , and Operation Uphold Democracy . With the 10th Mountain Division, he served in the War in Afghanistan , leading a task force in Operation Anaconda . Townsend became commander of the 3rd Stryker Brigade Combat Team , leading it in the Battle of Baqubah in the Iraq War . Townsend became commander of the 10th Mountain Division in the War in Afghanistan. In May 2015 he became commander of XVIII Airborne Corps, and in late August 2016 took command of the Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve . Early life and education Townsend was born in Scheinfeld in 1959 to a German art student mother and an Afghan medical studen
Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region ( JFHQ-NCR ) is directly responsible for the homeland security and defense of the Washington D.C. area as well as surrounding counties in Virginia and Maryland . Primarily made up of joint military units within the National Capital Region , the JFHQ-NCR assists federal and local civilian agencies and disaster response teams in the event that the capital area's security is or possibly could be breached by acts of terrorism. Officially activated on September 22, 2004, JFHQ-NCR is part of United States Northern Command . History U.S. Army Soldiers from Company A, 3rd Infantry Regiment,"The Old Guard," present the Military District of Washington Commander Major General Jim Jackson with the American flag that draped next to the Pentagon's impact site on October 11, 2001. After the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon on September 11, 2001 , military and civilian leaders recognized a need for strong cooperation and communication between agenci
CTD emblem. The Counterterrorism Division ( CTD ) is a division of the National Security Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation . CTD investigates terrorist threats inside the United States, provides information on terrorists outside the country, and tracks known terrorists worldwide. In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks , CTD's funding and manpower have significantly increased. The Division employs counterterrorism field operations organized into squads, the number of which varies according to the amount and diversity of activity in the local field office's jurisdiction. Larger field offices, such as Los Angeles , maintain counterterrorism squads for each major terrorist group, as well as for domestic terrorism and terrorist financing, while smaller field offices combined such responsibilities across two to three squads. Leadership The Counterterrorism Division is headed by an Assistant Director, who reports to the Executive Assistant Director of the FBI National Security Branch . Organizatio
The National Special Operations Force (NSOF) ( Malay : Pasukan Operasi Khusus Nasional ) is Malaysia 's main security force which serves as the first responder to any terror threats on the country's sovereignty. The force covers elements from the Malaysian Armed Forces , Royal Malaysia Police and the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency . NSOF is the third Task Force attached to the National Security Council (NSC) ( Malay : Majlis Keselamatan Negara Malaysia; MKN ) after the Federal Special Task Force (PPKPS/L) and Special Malaysia Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team (SMART). History / Roles Formed on 27 October 2016 by Prime Minister Najib Razak , the NSOF will serve as the nation's security forces first responders against all threats, including the Islamic State terror group. The NSOF personnel will be seconded from the three agencies in the initial stage. Designated posts will be made once the unit is fully operational, which reports directly to the National Security Council (NSC). This is to prevent an
Harry Binkley Harris Jr. (born August 4, 1956) is an Admiral in the United States Navy who currently serves as the 24th Commander, United States Pacific Command (USPACOM). He is the first Asian-American to achieve the rank of Admiral in the U.S. Navy, and the highest-ranking Japanese American. He is also the first 4-star admiral to have participated in the Navy Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (NJROTC) and the first officer from the U.S. Navy's P-3 Orion maritime patrol aviation community to achieve 4-star rank. He was Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii from 2013–2015. While a Vice Admiral , he served as the Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff . Harris' prior operational command was in 2011, when he was commander of the U.S. Sixth Fleet and Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO . He is a 1978 graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis . Harris is the U.S. Navy's current "Old Goat" – the longest-serving Naval Academy graduate on active duty. He is also the Na
This is a list of active military special forces units . Definition The units are to trained to conduct special operations being referred to as either special forces or special operations forces. The current NATO definition of special operations is:- special operations military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, trained, and equipped forces, manned with selected personnel, using unconventional tactics, techniques, and modes of employment. In 2001, NATO agreed definitions with Russia defining special operations and special operations forces:- special operations military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, trained and equipped forces using operational techniques and modes of employment not standard to conventional forces. These activities are conducted across the full range of military operations independently or in coordination with operations of conventional forces to achieve political, military, psychological and economic objectives. Politico-military considerations
The Joint Special Operations University (JSOU) is the designated agency within USSOCOM to conduct joint Special Operations Force (SOF) education and thus is tasked with and directed to provide relevant, realistic, leading-edge education opportunities to military and civilian special operations forces personnel around the world, located at MacDill Air Force Base , Florida , USA . Capable of full-spectrum joint SOF focused instruction, JSOU provides cohesive education support to SOF personnel, and other non-SOF decision makers at intermediate and senior levels. The university conducts off-station tutorials and courses as well as video teleconferencing instruction to supported units worldwide. Notable courses JSOU delivers unique SOF educational opportunities through residence and online courses and integration of SOF curriculum with service Professional Military Education Schools. Some of the notable courses the University offers include: Irregular Warfare Theory Theater Special Operations Command Staff Prepara
The Canadian Special Operations Regiment ( CSOR ; French : Régiment d'opérations spéciales du Canada , ROSC) is a highly trained, mobile, special operations forces unit. The mission of CSOR is two-fold: to provide back-up to Joint Task Force 2 (JTF2), the Canadian Forces' (CF) main special operations forces (SOF) unit; and to provide the CF with a SOF unit that can be deployed anywhere in Canada or internationally. CSOR is a battalion-sized, light infantry high-readiness special operations unit part of Canadian Special Operations Forces Command (CANSOFCOM). CSOR is capable of conducting and enabling a broad range of missions, including direct action , special reconnaissance , counter-terrorism , and defence diplomacy and military assistance. Unit history Members of the regiment during a freefall jump out of a U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III during Emerald Warrior 2013, Hurlburt Field , Florida. The unit traces its roots to the First Special Service Force (FSSF), the Canadian-American special forces uni
Operation Okra is the Australian Defence Force (ADF) contribution to the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The force is part of Joint Task Force 633 in the Middle East. The operation commenced on 31 August 2014, and its initial stated aim was to combat ISIL threats in Iraq. In September 2015, the Australian airstrikes were extended to Syria. In June 2017, flights in Syria were temporarily halted in response to American forces shooting down a Syrian Air Force jet, before later being resumed. Development of the Australian contribution Airstrikes against ISIL in Iraq The Australian government announced on 14 September 2014 that an Air Task Group (ATG) of up to eight F/A-18F Super Hornets , an E-7A Wedgetail AEW&C aircraft, and a KC-30A air-to-air refuelling tanker, along with a Special Operations Task Force, would be deployed to the Middle East in preparation for possible operations against ISIL forces. The ATG commenced operations on 1 October, and on 3 Octob
The Special Operations Force ( SOF ) is the Republic's Army Special Forces composed of highly trained elite soldiers within the Singapore Armed Forces Commando Formation and an essential component of the joint special forces unit Special Operations Task Force (SOTF). According to the Principles of Special Forces, the Republic's special forces thrive on their exceptional qualities and advanced skills, consisting highly adaptive individuals who are independent and can operate independently, and the Republic's special forces soldiers cannot be mass-produced and must be managed carefully. Other than their Commando duties and specializations as cross-trained Signalers, Medics, Weapons Specialists, Demolitions Experts, Snipers and Boatmen, the Republic's Army special forces soldiers also specialize in operations such as direct action , counter-terrorism , hostage rescue , special reconnaissance as well as special operations . It is also one of the few units in the Singapore Armed Forces to be trained in high-altit
Robert Stiles Harward, Jr. (born 1956/1957), known as Bob Harward , is a retired United States Navy SEAL and a former Deputy Commander of the United States Central Command , under the leadership command of General James Mattis . He is currently a defense industry executive working for Lockheed Martin . He also served as the Deputy Commander of U.S. Joint Forces Command and previously commanded Combined Joint Interagency Task Force 435 . After the resignation of Michael T. Flynn , U.S. President Donald Trump offered him the position of National Security Advisor on February 14, 2017. He declined the President's offer on February 16. While Harward cited family commitments as his reason for refusing the role, news sources reported that Harward was unable to agree with Trump over his scope to make his own appointments to his team. Early life and education Harward was born into a Navy family in Newport, Rhode Island . During his teenage years, Harward's father was advising the pre-revolutionary Iranian military a
Mohammad Nabi Omari is a citizen of Afghanistan who was held for nearly twelve years in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps , in Cuba . His Guantanamo Internment Serial Number was 832. American intelligence analysts estimate that he was born in 1968, in Khowst , Afghanistan. He arrived at the Guantanamo detention camps on October 28, 2002. He was transported from Guantanamo Bay to Qatar on June 1, 2014. Omari and four other men known as the Taliban five were exchanged for captured U.S. soldier Bowe Bergdahl . The men were held by the Qataris in a form of house arrest . The swap was brokered by the Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Emir of Qatar . Omari and the others were required to stay in Qatar for a year as a condition of their release. Official status reviews Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the " war on terror " were not covered by the Geneva Conventions , and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transpa
Steve McGarrett is a fictional character who is the protagonist of the Hawaii Five-O television series. McGarrett is a former United States Navy officer and the leader of a special state police task force, which is called Five-O. Jack Lord originated the character in 1968 and played McGarrett until 1980. Alex O'Loughlin is the character's current player, having portrayed him since a remake of the series premiered in 2010. He is partner to Detective Danny "Danno" Williams. Hawaii Five-0 (1968–80) In the original show , Steve McGarrett was portrayed by Jack Lord from 1968 to 1980. McGarrett was a former United States Navy officer and Detective Captain in the Honolulu Police Department who had been requested by Governor Paul Jameson to head the Five-0 Task Force, a fictional equivalent of the state police . He was portrayed as a highly driven cop and workaholic, often staying at his office until midnight. It was said that he "only takes orders from the Governor and God – and occasionally even they have trouble"